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On This Day in History - 16th July


1723Sir Joshua Reynolds, English portrait artist
1872Roald Amundsen, Norweigan explorer; first man to reach South Pole
1907Barbra Stanwick, American film actress
1911Ginger Rogers, American film actress/dancer
1942Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
1951Lorraine Chase, Actress
1952Stewart Copeland, Rock musician


1661The Bank of Stockholm issued Europe's first bank notes
1918Nicholas II, tsar of Russia, and his family were executed
1935Parking meters were used for the first time in the United States
1942The RAF carried out its first daylight raid on the Ruhr, Germany
1945The first atomic bomb was test detonated in New Mexico, USA
1965The Mont Blanc road tunnel, linking France and Italy, opened
1969Apollo 11, which made the first manned Moon landing, was launched
1970Britain had a state of emergency when dockers went on strike
1994Part of comet Shoemaker-Levy crashed into the planet Jupiter